Surgery for Fistula-in-Ano

Surgery for Fistula-in-Ano in Pune - Dr. Jaisingh Shinde

A fistula-in-ano is an abnormal hollow tract or cavity that is lined with granulation tissue and that connects a primary opening inside the anal canal to a secondary opening in the perianal skin; secondary tracts may be multiple and can extend from the same primary opening. It should be differentiated from the following processes, which do not communicate with the anal canal:

  • Hidradenitis suppurativa
  • Infected inclusion cysts
  • Pilonidal disease
  • Bartholin gland abscess in females

Most fistulas are thought to arise as a result of cryptoglandular infection with resultant perirectal abscess. The abscess represents the acute inflammatory event, whereas the fistula is representative of the chronic process. Symptoms generally affect quality of life significantly, and they range from minor discomfort and drainage with resultant hygienic problems to sepsis.

Anal Fistula. … An anal fistula is defined as a small tunnel with an internal opening in the anal canal and an external opening in the skin near the anus. Anal fistulas form when an anal abscess, that’s drained, doesn’t heal completely.

This is normal in the days after your surgery. You can put a gauze pad over the opening of the fistula to absorb the drainage, if needed. Most people can go back to work and their normal routine 1 to 2 weeks after surgery. It will probably take several weeks to several months for your fistula to completely heal.

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